Backerboard: A flat material used on the face of the house, between the studs and the siding, to provide a nailable surface for the siding.
Beveled Clapboards: Clapboards that are tapered rather than cut perfectly rectangular.
Board and Batten: A style in which a narrow strip of siding appears to cover the seam between two wider boards. Board and batten siding is installed vertically.
Brick veneer: A wall construction method in which a layer of bricks is attached to the wood framework of a house using brick ties.
Caulking: Waterproof material used to seal joints.
Channel: The area of the accessory trim or corner post where siding or soffit panels are inserted. Channels also refer to the trim itself, and are named for the letters of the alphabet they resemble, for example J-channel and F-channel are available.
Checking: A split or crack that shows up in the wood grain of a plank causing the plank to cup or bow.
Clapboard: Overlapping, horizontal wood plank siding made from either rectangular planks or taped planks.
Course: A row of panels, one panel wide, running the length of the house from one side to the other or, in the case of vertical siding, from top to bottom.
Cupping: A warp across the board in wood plank siding.
Drip Cap/Head Flashing: An accessory installed with vertical siding to ensure that water drips away from panels and does not infiltrate them; it is also used as a vertical base.
Eaves: Eaves are the overhang of the roof.
Face Nailing: This is the act of driving a nail through the part of the panel that you can see.
Fascia Board: A board attached to the ends of the rafters between the roofing material and the soffit overhang. Fascia cap is the covering around that board.
Fiberboard Siding: is a building material used to cover the exterior of a building in both commercial and domestic applications.
Fiber cement is a composite material made of cement reinforced with cellulose fibers.
Finish/Pattern: Each style of siding has either a texture or gloss-level.
Finishing Trim: These pieces finish off the edges to siding or soffits, giving them a professional look and adding to structural integrity.
Flange: The fastening holes of a strip of siding are located on the flange.
Flashing: A type of sheet metal used at intersections of building components to prevent water penetration. Commonly used above doors and windows on exterior walls.
Frieze: This is a decorative feature that covers the top of the siding where it connects to the soffit.
Furring/Furring Strip: A wooden or steel framing material, usually 1″ x 3″, used to provide an even nailing base. To “fur” a surface means to apply these strips.
Gable: This is the triangular area formed by the cornice to the ridge.
Gable Vent: This small screened section allows air to circulate in the attic. It reduces the moisture buildup in the walls.
Head Flashing: This is another way to deflect running water from the top edges of vertically installed siding. It, also, is used over windows and doors.
Inside Corner: When making a 90-degree turn with siding, the “inside corner” is a trim piece that connects the courses.
J-Channel: The J-channel is used over windows, doors, soffits, and eaves to provide a groove for siding.
James Hardie: Manufacturer of fiber cement siding.
Lap: The part of the roofing/siding material that overlaps a section of adjacent material.
Lap Siding: Technique for installing horizontal siding boards. Each piece of siding is ‘lapped’ over the piece below it to provide a waterproof covering for the house.
Miter: Aesthetically pleasing way to join two panels. Each end is cut at a 45 degree angle so that when joined, they create a 90 degree angle.
Outside Corner: This trim piece joins siding courses at a 90 degree angle on the outside corner.
Plumb: A plumb line demonstrates when the horizontal surface you are working on is at a 90 degree angle with the ground.
Plumb: A position or measurement that is truly and exactly vertical; 90° from a level surface.
Profile: This is the term used in the industry to describe the aesthetic look and shape of the siding.
Positive Lock: This mechanism allows for panels to be slid back and forth. It aids installation while keeping them attached when installation is complete.
Reveal: Also called the “face” this is the part of the siding that you see.
Scoring: This act of running a utility knife blade across a panel will cause the panel to snap apart cleanly along the scored line.
Shake: This is a shingle that is split from a log, producing a surface that has more texture than a regular shingle.
Shake Siding: Sometimes known as shingle siding, shake siding comes in widths from about four inches to 12 inches. It is installed like lap siding, starting at the lowest row, and moving up the wall. The random widths of the shakes provide a distinctive look to the wall.
Sheathing: Plywood or other material nailed to the home’s structure is called sheathing. Another name for it is backerboard.
Shingle: This is a small piece of wood sawn on both sides and used as siding.
Soffit: Material used to enclose the horizontal underside of an eave, cornice, or overhang. Some soffit panels may also be used as vertical siding.
Square: Unit of measure for siding equal to 100 square feet (or a 10-foot by 10-foot wall section).
Strapping: Also called a “furring strip,” strapping is a strip of wood or metal attached to the surface that gives the installer something to nail into. It can also be used to correct uneven or off-plumb surfaces.
Starter Strip: This is the strip attached to the bottom of the wall to which the first course can be attached.
Stucco: A type of water resistant, plaster like siding material made of cement, sand and water; it may have an acrylic finish.
Tongue and Groove (T&G): Tongue and groove is a connection system between components, like wood, in which the tab or tongue of one board is placed into the groove at the end of another board.
T 1-11: Hardboard, exterior siding that has vertical grooves made to simulate separate boards.
Veneer: Veneer is one ply or one thickness of something; in siding there are brick and stone veneers, there are also veneers of one wood bonded to another.
Ventilated Soffit: The soffit of each house has screened openings that allow air to enter and exit without allowing pests in.
Vinyl Siding: Horizontal polyvinyl chloride planks.
Wall Cladding: Another term for siding.
Wall Sheathing: Sheets of plywood or wood planking used to cover the wall framework of the house.
Weep Hole: A small hole in the bottom of windows, doors or siding allowing condensation to escape.
Windload Pressure: Is a measurement of how well a panel might perform in high wind areas.
Wood Shakes: Thick, rough, uneven shingles that are hand split, split and sawn on one side, or sawn on both sides; used as siding.